Where is Korcula Island?
There are just over 1200 islands in Croatia, one of which is Korcula. Lying almost halfway between Split and Dubrovnik, the Island of Korcula is part of the South Dalmatia region. Nearby islands include the Skoji archipelago (located between Korcula Town & Lumbarda), Lastovo, Mljet and Hvar. Korcula is separated from the mainland, the Peljesac Peninsula, by a mere 1270 metres.
Described as “little Dubrovnik”, picture-perfect, the crown jewel of the Adriatic and the Emerald isle, Korcula is a true example of the natural beauty that the country of Croatia boasts. Spread across approximately 279 km2, this small island oozes with culture, is characterised by a diverse landscape and has a rich history. It is the home to about 17,500 truly hospitable people.
History of Korcula Island
Korcula has at one time been under the rule of the Illyrians, the Greeks, the Venetians, the Austrians and the Brits, amongst a flurry of other civilisations, who have all left their mark on the island. The stamp of each power has positively shaped the island, from the Greeks who bought grapes and their knowledge for producing delicious wine, to the Venetians whose skilled artisans have carved architectural triumphs, which can still be seen around Korcula Old Town.
The people of Korcula have always been at one with the land and the sea. Tending to fields cultivated with grapes and olives, fishermen far out at sea and ship-builders bending & shaping wood into unsinkable vessels. All of these traditional trades are still visible on the island today. Centred around the family, good food and of course good wine, the island way of life is relaxed and usually filled with music and dance. The historical sword dances Moreska, Kumpanija and Mostra and the soulful acapella voices of Klapa groups, epitomise the joyful nature of the island.
Korcula Island is extremely fertile and is densely covered with evergreen conifers and pines, as well as Mediterranean plants and herbs, which scent the air. Alongside the olives and grapes grow citrus fruits, pomegranates, figs and carobs which cover the landscape in a beautiful array of colours all year round. Then where the lush green fields end, the stunning blue sea takes over. The coast is literally dotted with amazing beaches and bays, some only accessible by boat. Except for a few sandy beaches (well known in Lumbarda), most of the beaches are pebbly or rocky, this, however, results incredible sea clarity. Trust us when we say the water around Korcula will be some of the clearest you will ever swim in.
Below and above the sea, the island is home to a range of animal life. Fish, crabs, octopuses, squid and urchins can all be found beneath the sea and you may be lucky enough to spot a dolphin or a turtle skimming the surface. On land, the wildlife includes mongoose, wild boar, tortoises, pheasants, snakes and an array of birds.
A few Korcula facts
- The “c” in Korcula is actually pronounced “Kor-CHEW-la” and not as in Dracula!
- The legendary explorer Marco Polo was said to have been born on the island
- Korcula was called Curzola by the Italians & Kerkyra Melaina (Dark Island) by the Greeks